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NORTHERN ABALONE STOCK STATUS & FISHERY FACTS

abalone

newNISGA'A Coast Watch Newsletter, Jan. 2010

Youth Action Plan
Nisga'a Community Portal Network

Click Here to be taken to the new lesson plans!

NISGA'A Coast Watch Newsletter, Feb. 2009

The Northern abalone was designated as a 'threatened' species by COSEWIC (Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife of Canada) on April 23, 1999, marking the first ever Canadian marine invertebrate to receive such a status. The 'threatened' classification means that this species is likely to become endangered unless limiting factors are not reversed.

diver
The introduction of SCUBA in the 1950's marked the beginning of commercial and small recreational fisheries. Commercial abalone landings were low prior to the early 1970's, but peaked at 481.4 tons in 1977 as a result of increased demand and technological improvements enabling exploitation of more remote northern areas of the BC coast. Landings then declined to under 100 tons by 1981 and remained below the 47 ton quota from 1985 through 1990.

Surveys at various locations along the BC coast have indicated that abalone abundance had declined by more than 75 % between 1978 and 1984. Increases in commercial catch combined with targeting of easy-to-see spawning aggregations resulted in excessive depletion of abalone throughout the BC coast.  Facing population collapse, the abalone fishery was closed in December 1990 to all user groups including First Nations, recreational and commercial harvesters, in hopes of rebuilding the depleted population.

Draft Youth Community Action Plan: Building Youth Stewardship, Outreach & Education, Capacity Building, and Leadership

 

*Our youth have a story that needs telling*… they must be a part of protecting and restoring Nass coastal marine species at risk, critical habitat, and traditional knowledge of marine resource uses.” While several marine species are used as agents of this program, the abalone will be the Nisga’a Coast Watch keystone species for promoting best management practices, conservation and protection of marine resources in Northern BC and Nass Coastal Waters. Key information was gathered from youth journals, mind map exercises, and open dialogue with Nisga’a youth (ages 6-12) to help develop a program that meets the needs of our youth and Nisga’a citizens.

Please read on and review a "Draft Youth Community Action Plan," brainstormed by Nisga'a Fisheries & Wildlife, our partners, and Nisga'a Youth (Marine Stewardship summer camp).

We welcome your feedback. This is your community, your resources. your heritage, your future.

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Nisga'a Fisheries Youth Outreach

We are embarking on a new program for our youth.  The plan is to run field trips beachcombing the Nass estuary, learning about Lisims, and hopefully developing our next generation of resource managers.  The program will be hands-on, and highly interactive with loads of fun.  Some of the learning will be web-based, and include a few of the listed sites, below.

Sierra Club
Marine Matters
Camp Sea Lab
Integrative Science
Wyland Ocean Challenge
Fish and Kids
Wilderdom
Parks Canada Youth Zone
Vancouver Aquarium Educators' Guide
Secrets at Sea
Project WILD
Monterey Bay Aquarium
Science ALIVE
Redwire
The Leader in Me
OceanLink Teacher's Page

To learn more contact Blair at Nisga’a Fisheries.

January, 2010,

Nisga'a Fisheries Lesson Plans: (pdf format)

1. Introduction
2.1 Youth Activism-letter
2.2 Youth Activism-Govt
3. Abalone life history
4.1 Tidal, Hatchery, Beach seine
4.2 Fishwheel field trip
4.3 Underwater Chamber
5. Bingo Fundraiser event
6. Traditional knowledge

Nisga'a Youth Art Samples 2009 (pdf format)

Youths favourite traditional food dishes 2009 (word doc format)

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Illegal Harvesting: A major threat!

seized abalone

Poaching has been occurring for over two decades. High black market prices are fuelling the demand, and some people continue to harvest in spite of the closure. Illegal harvesting is the major factor in the continual decline of the abalone populations since the 1990 fisheries closure. 


WHAT CAN YOU DO?

Please help abalone recovery - report any incidents of abalone poaching or selling, to 1-800-465-4336.

Coast Watch programs are springing up in many BC coastal communities, inspired by the Bamfield Huu-ay-aht Community Abalone Project on the west coast of Vancouver Island.
Nisga’a Coast Watch was started in 2006 by Nisga’a  Fisheries & Wildlife, working with other First Nations and stewardship groups.
Abalone Patrols are being conducted on the north coast by Nisga’a Fisheries, other First Nations, and the Coast Guard, to watch for poaching and monitor abalone areas.

Monitoring is only the first step to the recovery of this threatened species.

IF YOU SEE ANY SIGNS OF POACHING OR SELLING ABALONE:

  1. OBSERVE 

Coast Watch programs are springing up in many BC coastal communities, inspired by the Bamfield Huu-ay-aht Community Abalone Project on the west coast of Vancouver Island.

Nisga’a Coast Watch was started in 2006 by Nisga’a  Fisheries & Wildlife, working with other First Nations and stewardship groups.

Abalone Patrols are being conducted on the north coast by Nisga’a Fisheries, other First Nations, and the Coast Guard, to watch for poaching and monitor abalone areas.

  2. RECORD 
  3. REPORT Call 1-800-465-4336

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CURRENT EVENTS


  • Draft Youth Community Action Plan (click here to download)
  • Nisga'a Community Action Plan (Click here to download):  Involving local stewards via Community workshops in New Aiyansh, Gitwinksihlkw, Laxalzap, Gingolx, and Prince Rupert, and develop a plan to recover our local abalone

  • Map & monitor abalone: With your help, we can map Nisga'a local knowledge of abalone areas, and start minotoring population health

  • Abalone Patrols are being conducted by Nisga'a Fisheries to watch for poaching and monitor abalone areas

  • Coast Watch: Your eyes and ears are needed! Please help abalone recover. Report any incidents of abalone poaching or selling, to
    1-800-465-4336

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Contact

If you have any questions, or would like to help, contact:

Nisga'a Lisims Government
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife

P.O. Box 228
New Aiyansh, BC
V0J 1A0
Phone (250) 633-2617 
Fax (250) 633-2971

LINKS

Species at risk

Abalone Management

Abalone Education Lessons Plans

Nisga'a Fisheries web site

Habitat Stewardship Program Species at Risk

Oceanlink

Haida Gwaii abalone research

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Partners

Nisga'a Fisheries Program

BMSCBamfield Marine Sciences Centre

canada Fisheries and Oceans Canada and Environment Canada

LGL Limited

Program Sponsored by:

Habitat Stewardship Program for Species at Risk, Environment Canada Aboriginal Habitat Protection Program, Fisheries and Oceans Canada Aboriginal Initiatives Program

Nisga'a Lisims Government –- Department of Fisheries & Wildlife

Logo Design: Clint Adams, Prince Rupert
Designed for the web by Phil Lavoie - BMSC Public Education Program
Maintained by Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre's Public Education Program

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